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Journal of Pathology Research


EPIDEMIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE PESTE DES PETITIS RUMINANTS OUTBREAKS IN TUMKUR DISTRICT, KARNATAKA, INDIA

V. BALAMURUGAN1, R. APSANA2, D.S.N. RAJU3, S. ABRAHAM4, G.B. MANJUNATHA REDDY5, G. GOVINDARAJ6, M. NAGALINGAM7, D. HEMADRI8, B.M. VEEREGOWDA9, M.R. GAJENDRAGAD10, H. RAHMAN11
1National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics (NIVEDI), formerly Project Directorate on Animal Disease Monitoring and Surveillance, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Hebbal, Bengaluru- 560 024, Karnataka, India.
2Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Veterinary College (KVAFSU), Hebbal, Bengaluru- 560 024, Karnataka, India.
3National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics (NIVEDI), formerly Project Directorate on Animal Disease Monitoring and Surveillance, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Hebbal, Bengaluru- 560 024, Karnataka, India.
4National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics (NIVEDI), formerly Project Directorate on Animal Disease Monitoring and Surveillance, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Hebbal, Bengaluru- 560 024, Karnataka, India.
5National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics (NIVEDI), formerly Project Directorate on Animal Disease Monitoring and Surveillance, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Hebbal, Bengaluru- 560 024, Karnataka, India.
6National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics (NIVEDI), formerly Project Directorate on Animal Disease Monitoring and Surveillance, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Hebbal, Bengaluru- 560 024, Karnataka, India.
7National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics (NIVEDI), formerly Project Directorate on Animal Disease Monitoring and Surveillance, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Hebbal, Bengaluru- 560 024, Karnataka, India.
8National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics (NIVEDI), formerly Project Directorate on Animal Disease Monitoring and Surveillance, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Hebbal, Bengaluru- 560 024, Karnataka, India.
9Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Veterinary College (KVAFSU), Hebbal, Bengaluru- 560 024, Karnataka, India.
10National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics (NIVEDI), formerly Project Directorate on Animal Disease Monitoring and Surveillance, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Hebbal, Bengaluru- 560 024, Karnataka, India.
11National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics (NIVEDI), formerly Project Directorate on Animal Disease Monitoring and Surveillance, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Hebbal, Bengaluru- 560 024, Karnataka, India.

Received : 06-11-2013     Accepted : 29-05-2014     Published : 11-09-2014
Volume : 3     Issue : 2       Pages : 71 - 75
J Pathol Res 3.2 (2014):71-75
Keywords : PPR, Epidemiology, Outbreaks, Sheep and goats, Karnataka, India
Conflict of Interest : None declared

Cite - MLA : BALAMURUGAN, V., et al "EPIDEMIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE PESTE DES PETITIS RUMINANTS OUTBREAKS IN TUMKUR DISTRICT, KARNATAKA, INDIA." Journal of Pathology Research 3.2 (2014):71-75.

Cite - APA : BALAMURUGAN, V., GAJENDRAGAD, M.R., VEEREGOWDA, B.M., HEMADRI, D., NAGALINGAM, M., GOVINDARAJ, G., MANJUNATHA REDDY, G.B., ABRAHAM, S., RAJU, D.S.N., APSANA, R., RAHMAN, H. (2014). EPIDEMIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE PESTE DES PETITIS RUMINANTS OUTBREAKS IN TUMKUR DISTRICT, KARNATAKA, INDIA. Journal of Pathology Research, 3 (2), 71-75.

Cite - Chicago : BALAMURUGAN, V., M.R. GAJENDRAGAD, B.M. VEEREGOWDA, D. HEMADRI, M. NAGALINGAM, G. GOVINDARAJ, G.B. MANJUNATHA REDDY, S. ABRAHAM, D.S.N. RAJU, R. APSANA, and H. RAHMAN. "EPIDEMIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE PESTE DES PETITIS RUMINANTS OUTBREAKS IN TUMKUR DISTRICT, KARNATAKA, INDIA." Journal of Pathology Research 3, no. 2 (2014):71-75.

Copyright : © 2014, V. BALAMURUGAN, et al, Published by Bioinfo Publications. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

In this study, epidemiological investigation of the three outbreaks of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in goats and sheep flocks with high morbidity and considerable mortality were recorded at Tumkur District, Karnataka, India during 2012-2013. Clinical samples were collected from the affected flocks/villages for laboratory investigation along with epidemiological parameters. The PPR virus (PPRV) antigen and nucleic acid was detected in the infected tissues/swab materials by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction techniques (RT-PCR) and PPRV-specific antibodies were detected by competitive ELISA and indirect ELISA in serum samples. The PPR virus was isolated successfully in Vero cells after initial adaptation, and its identity was confirmed by RT-PCR assays. The significant epidemiological parameters observed were: young animals aged between 6 month to one year were severely affected than adult animals, which showed only few symptoms pertaining to PPR; changing pattern of disease in term of severity of gross lesions was observed in affected animals; source of infection was the introduction or purchase of animals from other source; etc. Given the importance of PPR and high productivity losses in small ruminants, outbreaks of the disease need to be carefully monitored, in spite of vaccination of the sheep and goats is undergoing under the National control programme on PPR.